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Genetically Modified Organisms

​​Ireland, in common with all Member States is bound to the common legal framework for assessment and control of GMOs within the EU. Legislation on GMO's, is focused on the following objectives:

  • To protect human and animal health and the environment
  • To ensure harmonised procedures that are efficient and transparent for risk assessment and authorisations of GMOs
  • To ensure clear labelling of GMOs placed on the market for consumers to make informed choices and
  • To ensure traceability of GMOs placed on the market.

Further information on the EU regulatory framework on GMOs is available from the European Union's website    

Due to the complex nature of GMOs including cultivation, food and feed and its contained use including research and development purposes, responsibility for GMO policy and regulation in Ireland rests across a range of Government Departments and Agencies including:

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The Environmental Protection Agency is the competent authority for the purposes of the EU Directives and the national Regulations in this area. A register of GMO users in Ireland is maintained by the Agency and is open to the public for inspection, at the Agency headquarters during office hours.

Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI)
The FSAI is the competent authority for the implementation of legislation governing GM food and the Department of Health (DoH) is responsible for policy in this area. As competent authority, the FSAI ensures that only EU-authorised GM foods are allowed on the market and that they are labelled appropriately.

Department of Health (DOE)
The Department of Health deal with policy concerning issues such as food information to customers, labelling Genetically Modified Foods and other food safety matters.

Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine
The Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine  is the competent authority for the implementation of legislation governing GM food and feed for the agri-sector in Ireland  to provide a high level of protection for animal health and human health, and environmental and consumer interest.  
 
Legislation
The potential environmental impact of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is regulated under the following pieces of legislation;

DECLG Contact Details
For further information please email: environmentpolicy@dccae.gov.ie