The Kimberley Process (KP) is an international trade regime consisting of governments, the diamond industry and NGOs with the goal of preventing the trade of conflict diamonds. Today, there are 55 participants in the KP, with the EU acting as a single participant. Since its introduction in 2003 global production of conflict diamonds has decreased by 99.8%.
As a participant in the KP anyone wishing to import or export rough diamonds into or out of the EU must do so through a designated Kimberley Process Union Authority and comply with the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS). There are currently Union Authorities in 7 EU Member States (Belgium, Germany, Czechia, Romania, Ireland, Portugal and the UK ). European rough diamond traders are free to choose any Union Authority to process their trade activities.
The Kimberley Process and Responsible Minerals Authority (KPRMA) is a Union Authority and is authorised to approve imports and exports of rough diamonds.
Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KCPS)
All participants in the KP must implement the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) in their national legislation.
The KPCS applies to rough diamonds only (HS Codes 71021000, 71022100 and 71023100). Cut and polished, synthetic or diamonds set in jewellery are not governed by the KPCS.
The KPCS only applies trade between KP participants. Therefore, trade of rough diamonds within the EU is not governed by the KPCS.
Under the KPCS:
1. Rough diamonds may only be traded with other KP participants
2. Shipments of rough diamonds must be accompanied by a Kimberley Process Certificate which has been validated by an appropriate authority
3. Shipments of rough diamonds must be sealed in tamper-resistant bags/containers
Publications & Legislation: Council Regulation/SI/KP Core Document
How do I import or export rough diamonds?
Registration with KPRMA is a pre-requisite to importing or exporting rough diamonds. Once registered, the relevant guidance for imports or exports should be followed. Registration will lapse if a period of 12 months passes without any trade activity.
All goods imported into or exported from Ireland are subject to normal Customs formalities in addition to any additional conditions imposed by the KPCS.
Importing rough diamonds
Import shipments arriving at a customs point in Ireland must:
1. Be accompanied by a valid Kimberley Process Certificate relating to the contents of the shipment and;
2. Arrive in sealed, tamper-resistant containers
In order to ensure the import is not unduly delayed please take the following steps:
- Ensure that your supplier has packed the consignment in a tamper-resistant container with the front of the KP certificate clearly visible. This will be checked at Customs at the point of export and in the destination country.
- Ensure that your supplier adheres to the World Diamond Council System of Warranties and that this is stated on the purchase invoice
- Notify KPRMA of the incoming shipment as soon as possible and in advance of its arrival in Ireland clearly stating (KP cert number; Countries of Prov/Origin/Dest; Carats; Value; Scan of Invoice etc).
Once the shipment is verified by KPRMA and released by Customs, KPRMA will issue a validated copy of the verified certificate to the importer. Validated copies of KP certificates must be kept for at least three years.
Note that imports of rough diamonds into Ireland are liable for inspection by KPRMA prior to release from customs.
Exporting rough diamonds
In order to obtain a Kimberley Process Certificate for export an application must be made to KPRMA.
Kimberley Process Certificate Application Form
All applications must be accompanied by:
- 1. Evidence that the diamonds for export were lawfully imported into the EU (purchase invoice or import KP certificate number)
- 2. The sales invoice on which the export is based (if applicable). All invoices must include the World Diamond Council (WDC) System of Warranties Statement:
- "The diamonds herein invoiced have been purchased from legitimate sources not involved in funding conflict and in compliance with United Nations resolutions. The seller hereby guarantees that these diamonds are conflict free, based on personal knowledge and/or written guarantees provided by the supplier of these diamonds."
- 3. The application fee of €50
Once the application has been verified KPRMA will issue a KP Certificate along with a validated copy. Validated copies of KP certificates must be kept for at least three years.
Note that exports of rough diamonds are liable for inspection by KPRMA prior to any KP certificate being issued.
In order to ensure the export is not unduly delayed please take the following steps:
- Ensure that the consignment is packed in a sealed tamper-resistant container with the front of the KP certificate clearly visible. This will be checked at customs at the point of export and in the destination country.
- Ensure that any sales invoices contain the World Diamond Council System of Warranties Statement