Mineral exploration and mining must not result in environmental damage. State Mining Facilities contain clauses prohibiting the working of minerals without Planning Permission and, if necessary, an Integrated Pollution Control (IPC) licence from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
An Environmental Impact Statement is required identifying and considering all "likely significant environmental impacts". The EIA process for mining is implemented through the land use Planning Acts and Regulations. The Minister is a statutory consultee in the planning and EIA process for extraction of minerals governed by the Minerals Development Acts, and will pay particular attention to mining issues such as potential for subsidence and closure planning.
Integrated Pollution Control (IPC) Licensing
It is obligatory for new mining developments to obtain Integrated Pollution Control Licences from the EPA. All aspects of air and water pollution, noise and waste are covered by this single integrated licence.