Mineral exploration and mining are regulated under the Minerals Development Acts 1940 -1999. The Minerals Development Act 2017 was enacted on 26 July 2017 and is due to be commenced.
The Minerals Development Act 2017 will provide for:
the regulation of prospecting for and development of minerals;
a statutory vesting of the exclusive right to work minerals in the Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment, subject to the payment of compensation;
compulsory acquisition of other rights necessary for efficient development of minerals, subject to payment of compensation;
the payment to the State of rents and royalties from the extraction of minerals; and
preparation and implementation of rehabilitation plans for abandoned mine sites.
Regulations relating to the 1940 - 1999 Primary Acts are available under Secondary Legislation.