Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas that originates from the decay of uranium in rocks and soils. It is colourless, odourless and tasteless and can only be measured using special equipment. When radon surfaces in the open air, it is quickly diluted to harmless concentrations, but when it enters an enclosed space, such as a house or other building, it can sometimes accumulate to unacceptably high concentrations. Radon decays to form tiny radioactive particles, some of which remain suspended in the air. When inhaled into the lungs these particles give a radiation dose that may damage cells in the lung and eventually lead to lung cancer.
The Government is committed to tackling this issue and has established a National Radon Control Strategy. The Strategy commits to publishing a yearly update as to progress.
This Year 4 report marks the end of Phase 1 of the Strategy. Phase 2 will run from 2019 to 2024.