The outcomes of WRC 19 are as follows;
AI1.1 –Amateurs at 50MHz
- to consider an allocation of the frequency band 50-54 MHz to the amateur service in Region 1, in accordance with Resolution 658 (WRC-15)
- The Plenary approved a secondary allocation of the 50-52 MHz band to the amateur service following the revision of Resolution 12 (on Palestine - which was related to references in the allocation footnotes). A footnote "Different category of service" lists those CEPT countries where the amateur service will have a primary allocation in the band 50-50.5 MHz with provisions on the protection of the incumbent services in this frequency band. (IRL is not in this Fn) There are other footnotes listing other countries where other variations of the amateur service allocation pertain
Agenda item 1.2 – ES 400 MHz
- to consider in-band power limits for earth stations operating in the mobile-satellite service, meteorological-satellite service and Earth exploration-satellite service in the frequency bands 401-403 MHz and 399.9-400.05 MHz, in accordance with Resolution 765 (WRC-15)
- In-band power limits were agreed for EESS and MetSat in 401-403 MHz and MSS in 399.9-400.02 MHz. There are no limits for 400.02- 400.05 MHz which is limited for use by telecommand links
Agenda item 1.3 – Update EESS/MetSat
- to consider possible upgrading of the secondary allocation to the meteorological-satellite service (space-to-Earth) to primary status and a possible primary allocation to the Earth exploration-satellite service (space-to-Earth) in the frequency band 460-470 MHz, in accordance with Resolution 766 (WRC-15)
- No Change was agreed - this was the only AI were the outcome was "unsatisfactory"
- Europe had hoped to obtain a primary allocation to the MetSat (space-to-Earth) and the EESS (space-to-Earth) in the frequency band 460‑470 MHz;
- -whilst ensuring protection of primary services within the band and in adjacent bands with the introduction of regulatory provisions, including relevant pfd masks for GSO and non-GSO satellites, -on the basis that MetSat and EESS earth stations not claim protection from stations in the fixed and mobile services, -and that the priority of MetSat over EESS be retained
Agenda item 1.4 – Appendix 30 (Annex 7)
- to consider the results of studies in accordance with Resolution 557 (WRC-15), and review, and revise if necessary, the limitations mentioned in Annex 7 to Appendix 30 (Rev.WRC-15), while ensuring the protection of, and without imposing additional constraints on, assignments in the Plan and the List and the future development of the broadcasting-satellite service within the Plan, and existing and planned fixed-satellite service networks
- The outcome preferred was to remove or modify the orbital limitations of Annex 7 of Appendix 30. This was obtained
Agenda item 1.5 – ESIM
- to consider the use of the frequency bands 17.7-19.7 GHz (s-E) and 27.5-29.5 GHz (E-s) by earth stations in motion communicating with geostationary space stations in the fixed-satellite service and take appropriate action, in accordance with Resolution 158 (WRC-15)
- A general approach of No Interference from / No Protection of ESIMs on land with respect to terrestrial networks.
- A pfd limit to be applied for the protection of terrestrial services from aeronautical ESIMs. Two pfd masks were determined one for below 3000m and another above 3000m
- Achieved by changes to Article 5, Appendix 4 and a new Resolution
AI1.6 – Non-GSO FSS Q/V Band
- to consider the development of a regulatory framework for non-GSO FSS satellite systems that may operate in the frequency bands 37.5-39.5 GHz (s-E), 39.5-42.5 GHz (s-E), 47.2-50.2 GHz (E-s) and 50.4-51.4 GHz (E-s), in accordance with Resolution 159 (WRC-15)#
- Changes to the limits in Resolution 750 were agreed, with the exception of those for the 36-37 GHz band which will be further studied in the upcoming years. Supplemental links were agreed to be studied in the next study cycle. Protection of GSO MSS is addressed while protection of NGSO MSS needs to be studied and included in the aggregate effect.
- Transitional measures to protect filings notified before WRC-19 were included in a new Resolution, on the condition that the systems are brought into use before November 2023. New filings require a new co-ordination request process be undertaken.
- Protection of GSO networks is possible under the umbrella of supplemental links, while NGSO can benefit from the framework for generic links which allows for operation in the Q/V bands
AI1.7 – Nano/picosatellites
- to study the spectrum needs for telemetry, tracking and command in the space operation service for non-GSO satellites with short duration missions, to assess the suitability of existing allocations to the space operation service and, if necessary, to consider new allocations, in accordance with Resolution 659 (WRC-15)
- a positive outcome facilitates use of the bands 137-138 MHz (space to Earth) and 148–149.9 MHz (Earth to space) by the space operation service associated with short-duration mission satellite systems.
- This is based on use of the bands by space operation short-duration mission systems on a non-interference non-protected basis with respect to other primary services in the bands. A hard limit in the downlink is also set to protect AM(R)S in the adjacent band as well as a pfd limit at the border of 16 countries listed in footnote 5.BB17, acting as a trigger for terrestrial services notified under RR No. 9.21.
AI 1.8 –Maritime GMDSS
- to consider possible regulatory actions to support Global Maritime Distress Safety Systems (GMDSS) modernization and to support the introduction of additional satellite systems into the GMDSS, in accordance with Resolution 359 (Rev.WRC-15)
- Issue A: Modernisation of GMDSS
- Issue A outcome was in line with the European preferences;
- introduction of MF frequencies for international NAVDAT in RR Article 5 and for the introduction of the HF NAVDAT frequencies in RR Appendix 17
- Europe opposed the introduction of the MF frequencies for international NAVDAT in RR Appendix 15 and the introduction of the HF NAVDAT frequencies in RR Appendix 15 at this WRC
- Issue B: Regulatory action due to the introduction of additional satellite systems into the GMDSS by IMO
- a primary allocation to the mobile maritime-satellite service for both uplink and downlink direction in 5 MHz, namely 1621.35-1626.35 MHz.
- Provisions to provide protection to radioastronomy operating in the adjacent band were also agreed.
AI1.9.1 –Maritime AIS
- to consider, based on the results of ITU-R studies
- 1.9.1 - Maritime autonomous devices regulatory actions within the frequency band 156-162.05 MHz for autonomous maritime radio devices to protect the GMDSS and automatic identifications system (AIS), in accordance with Resolution 362 (WRC-15);
- There was early consensus on the frequency allocations for AMRD group A and AMRD group B that are operated with AIS technology (Group A channel 70 for digital selective calling and on channels AIS1 and AIS2 for automatic identification system, with Group B in the bands of RR Appendix 18). A note in the plenary minutes addressed AMRD group B using technology other than AIS.
AI 1.9.2 –Maritime VDES
- to consider, based on the results of ITU-R studies
- 1.9.2 - VDES Satellite modifications of the Radio Regulations, including new spectrum allocations to the maritime mobile-satellite service (Earth to space and space-to-Earth), preferably within the frequency bands 156.0125-157.4375 MHz and 160.6125-162.0375 MHz of Appendix 18, to enable a new VHF data exchange system (VDES) satellite component, while ensuring that this component will not degrade the current terrestrial VDES components, applications specific messages (ASM) and AIS operations and not impose any additional constraints on existing services in these and adjacent frequency bands as stated in recognizing d) and e) of Resolution 360 (Rev.WRC-15)
- A new secondary allocation to the VDE-SAT uplink and downlink within the frequency bands of Appendix 18, with an additional provision on the use of the MMSS (space-to-Earth) downlink subject to agreement under RR No. 9.21 in Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Korea (Rep. of), Cuba, the Russian Federation, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Dem. People's Rep. of Korea, South Africa and Viet Nam.
AI 1.10- GADSS
to consider spectrum needs and regulatory provisions for the introduction and use of the Global Aeronautical Distress and Safety System (GADSS), in accordance with Resolution 426 (WRC-15)
A no change solution was agreed for this agenda Item
to take necessary actions, as appropriate, to facilitate global or regional harmonized frequency bands to support railway radiocommunication systems between train and trackside within existing mobile service allocations, in accordance with Resolution 236 (WRC-15)
A new Resolution tasking ITU-R to progress studies on this matter and inviting administrations to actively support this work.
AI1.12 - ITS
- to consider possible global or regional harmonized frequency bands, to the maximum extent possible, for the implementation of evolving Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) under existing mobile-service allocations, in accordance with Resolution 237 (WRC-15)
- A new WRC Recommendation on the harmonisation of frequency bands for evolving Intelligent Transport Systems applications under mobile-service allocations. This recommends that administrations should:
- consider using the global or regional harmonised frequency bands for ITS listed in the relevant Recommendation ITU-R M.2121 when planning and deploying evolving ITS applications;
- take into account, if necessary, coexistence issues between ITS stations and stations of existing services (e.g. FSS earth stations).
AI 1.13 - IMT
- to consider identification of frequency bands for the future development of International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT), including possible additional allocations to the mobile service on a primary basis, in accordance with Resolution 238 (WRC-15)
- Early agreement for No Change for the bands 31.8-33.4 GHz, 47–47.2 GHz, 71–76 GHz and 81–86 GHz was reached in the first 2 weeks. E-Band is substantially used for fixed links.
- In the last days of the conference inter-regional discussions with the conference Chairman lead to ;
- -Global IMT Identification and conditions for the bands 24.25-27.5 GHz, 37-43.5 and 66–71 GHz. The conditions include limits for the protection of EESS (passive) in the bands below 24.25-27.5 GHz and 36–37 GHz. For the protection of passive services in 23.6-24 GHz a two stage approach was agreed, where ITU limits of -33 dBm/200MHz for Base stns will apply until September 2027, at which point a more stringent limit of -39 dBm/200MHz will be applicable.
- -Footnotes for 45.5–47 GHz and 47.2–48.2 GHz to identify IMT in certain countries (mainly outside Europe). Australia and the Americas proposed the 47.2-48.2GHz band. Some African, Arab and Asian countries also decided to enter the footnote for 47.2-48.2GHz. Some African, Arab and Asian countries wished to use 45.5-47GHz, which was being proposed by Sweden.
- -The bands 48.2–50.2 GHz and 50.4–52.6 GHz were agreed for No Change.
AI 1.14- High Altitude Platforms
- to consider, on the basis of ITU-R studies in accordance with Resolution 160 (WRC-15), appropriate regulatory actions for high-altitude platform stations (HAPS), within existing fixed-service allocations
- while ensuring protection of existing services/applications and their future development and taking into account the conclusions of the sharing and co-existence studies for the bands considered and, as appropriate, in the adjacent bands
- 6440‑ 6520/6560- 6640 MHz bands – No Change
- 27.9–28.2 GHz band – No Change with the exception of the addition of China to RR No. 5.537A
- 31–31.3 GHz band – Global uplink/downlink for HAPS with protection measures for existing services
- 38-39.5 GHz bands – Global uplink/downlink for HAPS with protection measures for existing services
- 47.2-47.5 GHz/47.9-48.2 GHz bands – already a global uplink/downlink band for HAPS, some further refinements made to technical/regulatory provisions
- Note: The bands 21.4-22 GHz and 24.25-27.5 GHz were also identified in Region 2 for HAPS with necessary protection measures for existing services.
Agenda item 1.15 – above 275 GHz
- to consider identification of frequency bands for use by administrations for the land-mobile and fixed services applications operating in the frequency range 275-450 GHz, in accordance with Resolution 767 (WRC-15)
- The bands 275-296 GHz, 306-313 GHz, 318-333 GHz, 356-450 GHz were identified for land mobile and fixed service applications, while maintaining the protection of the passive services identified in footnote 5.565.
- As regards other bands; - those bands may be used when specific conditions are determined by a future competent Conference. The conditions on the FS and LMS will be studied, through the addition of an invites clause to the existing Resolution 731 (Consideration of sharing and adjacent-band compatibility between passive and active services above 71 GHz).
AI1.16- 5GHz Wireless LAN
- to consider issues related to wireless access systems, including radio local area networks (WAS/RLAN), in the frequency bands between 5 150 MHz and 5 925 MHz, and take the appropriate regulatory actions, including additional spectrum allocations to the mobile service, in accordance with Resolution 239 (WRC-15)
- Changes were made to ITU-R Resolution 229 in the band 5150–5250 MHz and agreed in Plenary to allow usage indoors in trains and cars as well as outdoor usage to a baseline level of up to 200 mW eirp, with an option to transmit up to 1 W (30 dBm) eirp with a choice of 3 optional eirp masks.
- For the 5725–5850 MHz band, some ATU and APT countries were added to existing footnote 5.453 with some additional restrictions for use in the 5725-5850 MHz band. All other bands under the agenda item (5250–5350 MHz, 5350–5470 MHz and 5850–5925 MHz) were agreed as No Change.