Ireland is a Party to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change . This Convention was one of the “Rio Conventions” arising from the Earth Summit in 1992 which marked a turning point in the international approach to the environment. The ultimate objective of the Convention is to stabilise greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.

The Convention provides a framework for Parties to work to combat climate change by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and by building capacity to adapt to its negative impacts. The Convention also provided support for developing countries in taking action.

In 1992, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted as the basis for a global response to the problem of climate change. The Convention enjoys near-universal membership. Under the Convention, governments:

  • Gather and share information on greenhouse gas emissions, national policies and best practices
  • Launch national strategies for addressing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to expected impacts, including the provision of financial and technological support to developing countries
  • Cooperate in preparing for adaptation to the impacts of climate change

The UNFCCC meets formally twice a year, through an intersessional mid-year series of meetings and through a Conference of the Parties (COP) at year-end.
The organisational structures of the UNFCCC are currently being examined with a view to ensuring that the Paris Agreement operational aspects are served in
Ireland reports directly to the UNFCCC in relation to emissions and also participates in the UNFCCC formal meetings through the EU.​​